Melasma is a common skin color change in women caused by too much melanin production. It is characterized by brownish pigmentation or spots that form on the face, neck, or on the forearm. The cause of Melasma is unknown.
However, there are certain conditions that can trigger appearances such as pregnancy, cosmetic allergies, and overuse of anti-seizure medication. It is also called a “pregnancy mask” or chloasma because the most severe color changes occur in pregnant women. Melasma in pregnant women may disappear within a few months after delivery.
in people at the age of 20 to 40 years. There are three types of Melasma: epidermis, dermis, and mixture. Epidermal Melasma has a clear border and can be easily treated by dermatologic drugs.
Melasma Dermal is the most common type, appearing with a grayish color with no obscure limits. Unlike the Melasma Epidermal, Dermal Melasma will respond badly to treatment so it is more likely to become permanent. Melasma Mixture is a combination of brown spots and bluish. It is larger in pattern but can be treated gradually.
Melasma’s thorough diagnosis through skin biopsy will show a melanin deposit in the dermis. Sometimes a melanin deposit is found in the basal area. Melasma severity can also be measured by using a special assessment system known as Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI